Rules of web design for different browsers
Web browser is a software application for viewing web sites, that is, to request for web pages, their processing, output, and the transition from one page to another. There is an impressive array of browsers together with their own versions. Among the major ones are Internet Explorer , Google Chrome, Mozilla FireFox and Opera. However, a problem arises in that often not all sites are displayed in the same way in all browsers, so a certain percentage of users may see the incorrect performance of web-pages. Why is this happening and how to avoid it?
First of all let’s define what lies at the basis of any web- page. Each of them has a source code, which consists of tags – special markup codes in the language of HTML. The entire set of such tags is called specification and is supported by the W3C consortium , which comprises all the major companies involved in software development for the World Wide Web. Ideally, all browsers should follow the specifications for the correct display of pages, but in reality it does not always happen.
Originally HTML was more a language for logical markup of the text , independent of the output device. This means that as a result of interpreting HTML tags information can be displayed not only on the screen, but also on the sound card and other devices . However, afterwards language became simply a means for page markup on the Internet .
At the moment the correct display of pages is almost the same, only Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator come with a few nuances.
Rules of Web Design
1. View page displays in all the popular browsers. The fact is that although the code for all browsers is the same, it is interpreted differently in browsers. It happens in different browsers and different versions of the same one. The reason for this is the competitiveness among browsers themselves that entered their tags to enhance the popularity of their products.
2. View pages in various resolutions. Quite a lot of modern computers have a low screen resolution. For example, many PDAs come with black and white screen, and a large number of laptops have limited palette of 256 colors. And tablets, smart phones and other electronic gadgets with Internet access have a different width of the screen. Therefore, in recent years adaptive design of sites becomes increasingly popular. The tendency to create a special version of the website for mobile phones is increasing.
3. Test site under different operating systems and on different platforms. Most people have never seen any operating system other than Windows, but recently Apple Mac OS is also gaining popularity.
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